With more than 100 million American adults living with diabetes or prediabetes, it’s likely that you or someone you know has the disease. Dr. Matthew Levin is an expert at diagnosing and treating diabetes in patients of all ages at his family medical practice, located in Delmont and Greensburg, Pennsylvania. Many adults have diabetes and don’t even realize it until they begin having additional health complications. Find out if you have diabetes or prediabetes. Call or schedule an appointment online.
Diabetes is not just one disease, but rather a group of diseases that affect how your body processes glucose (blood sugar). Glucose is your brain’s leading source of fuel, and it’s an important source of energy for cells in your muscles and soft tissues. Those who have diabetes type 1 and diabetes type 2 both suffer from having too much glucose in their bodies.
Diabetes type 2 is potentially reversible when it is still in the prediabetes stage. That means your glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered full-blown diabetes. Changing your diet and exercise habits may help you reverse the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes may develop at any age and often appears in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type, and it can develop at any age, but typically affects adults over 40. Depending on which type of diabetes you have, type 1 or type 2, symptoms may either come on suddenly, or you may not experience them at all.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms usually happen quickly and are more severe than those with type 2. Signs and symptoms of both types may include:
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is largely unknown, other than the fact that with this form of diabetes, your immune system attacks and destroys your body’s cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. When you are unable to make insulin, sugar stays in your bloodstream instead of being transported through your cells. The onset of type 1 diabetes may be the result of a combination of genetics and environmental factors.
Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are different in that your cells become resistant to the role insulin plays in your body. Your pancreas is no longer able to make enough insulin to combat this resistance, so you develop prediabetes which can then lead to type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is preventable and therefore, you can make changes to your lifestyle to help avoid it, including eating healthier foods, increasing physical activity, and losing excess weight. When diet and lifestyle changes aren’t effective enough, Dr. Levin may also prescribe oral medications.
To get your blood sugar levels checked, make an appointment online or call either the Delmont or Greensburg office to schedule.